The bubbling springs of kiplolok in songoliet villege olessos

Kiplolok is vernacular noun among the Kalenjin that means pulping water that has lime salt in it. It is one of the areas in Nandi County that is blessed with natural resources due to the presence of the lime pulping water that has made the area to be explored by people from across the country including tourists from foreign countries.

Kiplolok springs is found in Kiplolok village, Songoliet location in Nandi East District across areas of Lessos and is under the community land that is believed to have been owned long time ago by the Maasai community who fought for a longer period with the Nandi people following land disputes as they wanted to take away the land from the Maasai.

According to one of the residents Mr. Charles Kirui, It is believed that the three acre piece of land that consists several natural holes with pulping salty lime water emerged after the Maasai community performed some rituals by murdering one of their initiates who had a kind of special human hair referred to as “song’onyet” in Kalenjin and buried it in that piece of land after being overpowered by the Nandi community.

He said, historically the springs came into being as a result of the rituals and that the fight between the two communities came into a halt at a place called Songoliet after the Maasai accepted the defeat whereby they went up to the place stood upright facing East and raised up their palm leaves to signify the acceptance of defeat then they migrated from the place leaving the Nandi people alone.

The lime was used by the Maasai during those ancient times to feed their animals but afterwards it changed to the pulping water springs after the rituals though it is not hot and that the water cannot be consumed by animals as it has something like hydrogen that is dangerous to the lives of the livestock.

The same water is consumed by human beings especially the area residents but cannot be used in cooking and if used to cook ugali it will turn yellowish in colour while for tea it will ferment.

Kirui explained that for anyone who visits the area and is not a resident but feels like drinking the water, he or she has to tie or make a plait of some reeds in the springs before drinking it so as not to be followed by the rituals which were done at the place.

He said they believe that the water is medicinal for they use it to treat some diseases like malaria and stomach upsets by just taking the water and you get healed.

The place is also known for a huge pile of stones called “mukwanik” in Kalenjin that has also attracted the attention of many people who are forced to travel and tour the scene. Many college students, universities, primary schools from across the country including foreigners tours the scenery.

The residents of the area are appealing to the new government to conserve the place by fencing the land perimeters and make the necessary strategies to attract tourists who will bring foreign exchange by constructing big hotels that will benefit the area residents through creation of jobs.

By governor2013


The Nandi peoples have totems or oreet each identified by an ‘animal’ or tiondo, which no clan member could eat. The identification by Oreet helped prevent inbreeding since marriage within Oreet was largely not permitted. More details are published at Matelong Family Web. Clan symbols (tiondo) range from birds, wild animals, frog and snake to bees. Although the sun is not an animal, ‘she’ has oreet and is called ‘tiondo’ in the same sense as a lion. It is claimed that Kong’ony (crested crane) was the first animal allocated a family. Hence Moi (Kong’ony) is regarded as the ‘leader’ and in child stories this is shown as the source of babies in a family. The jackal (Kimageet, oreet of Tungo, korap oor) is claimed to have been the last tiondo to be allocated and comes along with several rules of favour (ostensibly to hide the fact that it was the last). Hence, even though the Nandi claim ‘Cheptaab oreet age ne wendi oreet age’ literally ‘a daughter from one clan goes to another clan and belongs in the new clan’, to mean a woman has no clan, the Tungo girls are permitted to retain their clan identity.

Kipkenda Maimi

Segemiat (bee)


Solopchoot (coackroach)


Kong’oony (Crested Crane)
Soeet (Buffalo)
Kergeng, Cheptirkiichet (Dik-dik)
Kogos, Chepkogosiot (Eagle)


Toreet (palee kut ak kutung’)


Kergeng (Antelope)


Chepsirereet (Eagle)


Ng’etuny, Lion (Kuutwo, Talai Orkoi)
Ng’etuny, Lion (Talai Nandi)

Kipoongoi (che kwees tibiik)


Kibiegen (kap rat setio let)

Moseet (Monkey)
Muriat (rat)

Kipaa (koros)

Ndareet (Snake)
Tisiet (Baboon)

Toiyoi (moriso)

Ropta (rain)
Birechik (Safari Ants)

Kap Oiit

Beliot, kiramkeel koe mooi (Elephant)
Kipleng’wet (rabbit)

Kipasiiso (Kap koluu)

Asista (Sun)


Mororochet (frog)

Tungo (korap oor)

Kimageetiet (Hyena)


Chereret (vervet monkey)

Age-set (Ibinda)

The Nandi social organisation centres around the age-set, or ibinda. There are seven age-sets (ibinwek) which are rotational, meaning at the end of one ageset new members of that generation are born. The order is roughly as given below. Among the other Kalenjin peoples, an age-set called Korongoro exists. However, among the Nandi, this ageset is extinct. Legend has it that the members of this ibinda were wiped out in war. For fear of a recurrence, the community decided to retire the age-set. Ibinda was given out at initiation and by simple arrangements, there ought to be one ibinda between a father and a son. For example, a Maina cannot beget a Chumo. The Nandi don’t consider a woman to have an ageset, hence she can marry any ageset except that in which her father belongs. The Nandi say “ma tinyei ibin gorgo” which means a woman has no ageset.

Korongoro (not in Nandi)

Age sub-set (siritiet)

In each age-set, the initiates were bundled into siritiet or what can be understood as a ‘team’. There are four ‘teams’ or siritoik in an age-set (ibinda) namely:

Tetagaat (literally cow’s neck)
Kiptoinik (literally young calves)


They traditionally worshiped a supreme deity, Asis (literally “Sun”), as well as venerating the spirits of ancestors. Their land is divided into six “counties” (emet): Wareng in the north, Mosop in the east, Soiin/Pelkut in the south, Aldai and Chesumei in the west, and Em-gwen in the center. The Orkoiyot, or medicine man, was traditionally acknowledged as an overall leader. The Orgoiyot led not only in spiritual matters but also during wars, as evidenced during the war between the British colonials building the railway and the Nandi warriors. The leader at that time was Koitalel Arap Samoei who was killed by Richard Meinertzhagen, a British soldier. In pre-colonial times, they also enjoyed a fearsome reputation as fighters; Arab slave-traders and ivory-traders took care to avoid the area, and the few that dared attempt to traverse it were killed.
Social organisation
This article is written like a personal reflection or opinion essay rather than an encyclopedic description of the subject. Please help improve it by rewriting it in an encyclopedic style. (October 2011)

The Nandi have had a well structured ‘political’ system revolving around what might be referred to at the Nandi Bororiet. No other Kalenjin community organised themselves in the Bororiet (pl. bororiosiek) system. The Nandi political life was ordered around ‘bororiet’ which is distinctly different from oreet (clan) but is probably an expanded form of the advanced order of the ‘kokwet’ or village system. As explained earlier, people of the same oreet were not necessarily restricted to one bororiet. However, some families were advised, perhaps to avoid recurrent catastrophes, not to live in certain bororiet. A case in point is the long-standing banning of Kap Matelong (and all Kipkenda?) from inhabiting Chesumei which is populated by the relatively obscure but conservative borioriosiek of Cheptol, Kapno and Tibingot.

The Nandi bororiet may be taken as an earlier model of multipartyism. For it was largely around one’s bororiet that vexing, bethrotals and circumcission ceremony attendance were based. It might sound alien to the reader that competition among bororiosiek was more intense than among oratinwek. It would seem, therefore, that with the advent of Christianity and the consequential thinking that what was traditional was backward, the disappearance of bororiet became inevitable. The recent resurgence of Nandi nationalism has brought to the fore the social tenets and socio-cultural-political organisational strata. Among these are the realisation that the current level of complacency, laziness and pedestrian attitude to life that is prevalent among the youth has been inspired by a lack of cementing social identities like the bororiet system. Was bororiet, then, a form of a political system? Hence, could we safely albeit without provoking a sense of unjustified pride, say that the bororiosiek were actually a system akin to the modern day multi-party system?

People could and still change bororiet, due to migration, without necessarily changing their oreet. This is where I consider bororiet as a form of a political party. For example, if one’s family lived in one bororiet but was haunted by repetitive deaths that pointed to a curse, a ceremony reminiscent of ‘Kap Kiyai’ was performed to allow the family to change their bororiet by ‘crossing a river’ in the context of ‘ma yaitoos miat aino’ which literally means that death does not cross a river (body of water). This elaborate ceremony was called ‘raret’ (rar means trim or cut off). If you find a family with a name Kirorei then you probably have a family case of bororiet change which came about as a result of ‘rareet’ (chopping off). People changed bororiet as a result of migration to another koreet, emeet (region). This seems common for some bororiosiek and not others, however. For example an individual who moved to Kabooch could retain the unique identity, leading perhaps derogatively, to the reference of skin rashes that develop on kids heads as ‘Kaboochek’. This was understood to mean that the rashes did not infect and blanket the whole head but developed in isolated but closely related colonies! The Matelong family, originally of KapSile, changed their bororiet because of a calamity which has been discussed elsewhere in this blog.

Another instance of change of bororiet is a shameful perhaps spiteful defection ‘martaet’ which means somebody deserts his bororiet for another. This brings to mind names such as Kimarta. Within each Bororiet were siritoik or sub-bororiet.
Nandi major bororiosiek

Kap Chepkendi

Sigilaiyekab arap Kerebei
Chebiriir Katuut
Muruto (Kap lolo)

Kap Meliilo (mi kericheek ma, gotab ndasimiet)
Kap Taalam (Che loklokianu ak gariik, che bo ma ki kiop ko somok, che bo arap Kuna)

Cheboing’ong ak lelwek
Kosach nyiim kot koles


Nandi minor bororiosiek

Koilegei (che ki sal Tabolwa, Che bo arap Maleel)
Tibingot (Tebee ng’ot?)

The Nandi athletes

The Nandi people are pioneer athletes in Kenya. From this community have come great distance athletes like the legendary Kipchoge Keino (Kip Keino), a gold medalist at Mexico (1968) and Munich (1972) Olympic games and Prof. Mike Boit, a Bronze medalist at Munich 1972 Olympics. Others include Peter Koech, Bernard Kipchirchir Lagat who represents the USA and Wilson Kipketer who ran for his adopted home of Denmark. Current world beating athletes like Pamela Jelimo, Richard Mateelong, Wilfred Bungei, Janeth Chepkosgei and Super Henry Rono, United Nations Goodwill Ambassador Peter Rono, Tecla Chemabwai, Kenya Paralympian Henry Kirwa among others are Nandi. The father of Kenyan Steeplechasers Amos Kipwambok Biwott comes from the community.
Nandi academics

The Nandi have also produced great scientists and academics like Prof. David Kimutai Some of Moi University, Prof. Dr. rer. nat. Paul Ndalut of Chemistry and Biochemistry department at Moi University,Dr. David Ruto (Administrator, Moi University) Dr Seronei Chelulei Cheison of the Technical University of Munich, Germany, DR Fredrick Sawe( Director Walterreed, Owner-Nursing home Kericho), DR Saisi Mayo( Dean College of Engineering, Moi University), and Prof. Chelagat Lelei and Prof. Isaack Kosgey, the Dean of the Faculty of Agriculture at Egerton University among others. Prof Mengich(Moi Referral Hospital) Dr Cheruiyot s lagat of Masinde Muliro University, Dr. Felix K Ngetich, Agriculturalist, Kenyatta University. Among the leading lawyers from the community are Lawyer Paul Birech of Eldoret, Lawyer Paul Lilan of Nairobi, Lawyer Julius Kipkosgey Kemboy of Nairobi and retired judge Barabara Tanui. Among the leading medics from Nandi are Elly Kibet Cherwon of Heidelberg, Germany, one of very few Africans practising medicine in Germany. Elly also deputises the head of the hospital. There is also Dr. Kirongo (Psychiatrist Moi Referral Hospital),Dr Geoffrey Kiprotich Yebei Ngeny MD (Geriatric Medicine-Internal Medicine) of Pittsburg University, Dr Andrew Kibet Cheruiyot (Consultant Trauma KNH), Dr Franklin Rono.
Nandi politicians

The Nandi people have had remarkable political figures like Jean-Marie Seroney, the first MP for Nandi and Tindiret, Henry Kosgey, Samwel Ngeny, Kipruto Kirwa, Stanley Metto and Ezekiel Barng’etuny, Dr Joseph Misoy and William Morogo Saina. Philomena Chelagat Mutai cut her teeth as a university student in the 1970s and remains one of the most celebrated of Nandi female political leaders.Gerald Nathaniel Kalya who was the first and long serving Mosop mp,Tamason Barmalel who was chepalungu MP, William Samoei Rutto who is currently the Deputy President of the Republic of Kenya.
Society and culture

Female-female marriages within the Nandi culture have been reported,[1] although it is unclear if they are still practiced, and only about three percent of Nandi marriages are female-female. Female-female marriages are a socially-approved way for a woman to take over the social and economic roles of a husband and father. They were allowed only in cases where a woman either had no children of her own, had daughters only (one of them could be “retained” at home) or her daughter(s) had married off. The system was practiced “to keep the fire”—in other words, to sustain the family lineage, or patriline, and was a way to work around the problem of infertility or a lack of male heirs. A woman who married another woman for this purpose had to undergo an “inversion” ceremony to “change” into a man. This biological woman, now socially male, became a “husband” to a younger female and a “father” to the younger woman’s children, and had to provide a bride price to her wife’s family. She was expected to renounce her female duties (such as housework), and take on the obligations of a husband; additionally, she was allowed the social privileges accorded to men, such as attending the private male circumcision ceremonies. No sexual relations were permitted between the female husband and her new wife (nor between the female husband and her old husband); rather, the female husband chose a male consort for the new wife so she will be able to bear children. The wife’s children considered the female husband to be their father, not the biological father, because she (or “he”) was the socially designated father.
Nandi County Profile
Map of Nandi County.

The district occupies a total area of 2,899 km2 with Kapsabet occupying the largest area (482 km2.) and Kosirai the smallest (185 km2.). The County has three local authorities namely Kapsabet Municipal council, Nandi Municipal County Council and Nandi Hills Urban Council, and with 98 electoral wards. Nandi County is divided into six administrative districts:

Nandi North
Nandi East
Nandi Central
Nandi South and

The county is further sub-divided into administrative divisions namely:

Nandi Hills and

Nandi County Constituencies

The County is politically divided into six constituencies namely;

Nandi Hills

Table 1: Administrative Units, Population Size and Density DIVISION AREA IN SQ. KM2 POPULATION DENSITY NUMBER OF LOCATIONS Aldai 385.3 96,220 272 38 Kabiyet 268 43,367 177 18 Kapsabet 493.7 125,115 276 24 Kaptumo 137.4 26,782 213 14 Kilibwoni 273.1 62,692 249 52 Kapkaren 315.5 52,753 182 28 Kosirai 195 35,383 197 24 Nandi Hills 390.3 77,514 204 46 Tinderet 41.7 58,925 155 39 Total 2,873 578,751 218 283

Table 1 shows Kapsabet Division has the highest density of 276 persons per km while Tinderet Division has the lowest density at 155. Tinderet Division has the highest percentage of overall poor of 11.8 per cent due partly to landslide, which has led to displacement of some people to become squatters while Aldai has the

By governor2013


Nandi has unlimited investment opportunities, Nandi Governor Dr. Cleophas Lagat has said.
The governor who spoke when he received a group of Dutch investors in Kapsabet, said the county had untapped tourism, Hydro-Electricity Power, Hospitality and agricultural opportunities.
Speaking in Kapsabet when he received a delegation of investors from Green Farming, Governor Lagat said horticulture farmers in Nandi were embracing technology in the sector and plans to construct green houses building materials industry in the county was a welcome step.
He told the investors who were led by the Green farming Secretary Francis Hoogerwerf said they were keen on investing on horticulture industry through the establishment of a green house building materials.
Due to humid environment, farmers in Nandi incur huge loses each year in horticulture due to fungal, viral and Bacteria which could be arrested if they embrace green houses in the growing of the crops, the governor told the investors.
Accompanied by his deputy Dominic Biwott, he himself a horticulture exporter ,said Nandi county had the best land for horticulture and fruits and appealed to the farmers to venture promising of the county government support especially after the inauguration of the governors cabinet.

By governor2013